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Caution

You are not reading the latest stable version of this documentation. If you want up-to-date information, please have a look at master.

Running Tor on MacOS

For macOS running on ARM chips (ie. newer macs):

Install Homebrew

Warning

macOS Homebrew running natively on M1/Apple Silicon/ARM has partial functionality. Therefore, some additional steps are needed to setup Homebrew.

  1. Open a command line editor (Terminal), and run the following commands:

    softwareupdate --install-rosetta
    arch -x86_64 /bin/bash -c "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Homebrew/install/master/install.sh)"
    

Install Tor

Warning

If you have the Tor Browser open, close it and quit the application.

  1. In the command line, install Tor:

    arch -x86_64 brew install tor
    
  2. Then start Tor:

    arch -x86_64 brew services start tor
    

This will start Tor and ensure that it is always running, even after a restart. See the Tor Project for more details.

For macOS Big Sur/Catalina:

Install Homebrew

  1. If you do not have Homebrew installed, follow the installation instructions here.

    TLDR: Open the command line editor (Terminal) and paste the following line:

    /bin/bash -c "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Homebrew/install/master/install.sh)"
    
  2. You will be prompted for your system password before installation; proceed with entering your password:

Homebrew installation

Enter your password

  1. You will be notified which directories Homebrew is going to create, hit RETURN:

Homebrew installation

Homebrew creates the directories and downloads any other files it needs e.g. “Command Line Tool for Xcode” and “Homebrew”.

Wait a few minutes while it downloads and installs what it needs.

Warning

Surprisingly, Homebrew uses Google Analytics to collect anonymous usage data. You can deselect the option to share usage data by opting out.

Install Tor

Warning

If you have the Tor Browser open, close it and quit the application.

  1. In the command line, install Tor:

    brew install tor
    

    Once it is finished you have the following options:

    Tor installation
  2. Then run Tor with:

    brew services start tor
    

This will start Tor and ensure that it is always running, even after a restart. See the Tor Project for more details.